In this illustrated guide, we’ll go through the process of using a Japan Rail Pass (JR Pass) to make seat reservations on a ticket machine.
UPDATE (20 MAY 2023): Click here to read a newly revised version of this post, with additional pictures and guidance.
Since 2020, JR Passes have been issued as standard-sized tickets on magnetic cardboard stock, measuring 8.5 cm x 5.7 cm. This is in contrast to the form many experienced Japan travellers are familiar with from the pre-pandemic era: a printed ticket glued to a passport-sized booklet that could only be used at manned station gates and manned ticket counters.
That’s all changed now. The new format allows JR Pass users to go through automated station turnstiles, and it also gives them the ability to make seat reservations at ticket machines.
Even after this change, a JR Pass user still has the option to make seat reservations at a ticket office (including manned ticket counters, midori-no-madoguchi, JR travel service centres and other such facilities). This alternative might be preferable for those who are unfamiliar with the rail system and require guidance on certain details, or those who might wish to make several advance reservations in one go. However, the convenience of using ticket machines cannot be underestimated, especially in view of the long and slow-moving queues that one encounters at ticket offices during peak times.
The following image shows the key elements of the current-generation Japan Rail Pass. For use at ticket machines, the essential feature is the QR code on the lower left section of the card (redacted in this example).
If you plan to bring oversized luggage on board – which is subject to special rules introduced in 2020 – please use this present guide in conjunction with my separate article describing how to reserve seats with extra luggage space.
For more information about the JR Pass in general, you can refer to the official Japan Rail Pass website and the related Japan Rail Pass Reservation portal.
1.) Look for a ticket machine fitted with a QR code reader.
Many – but not all! – ticket machines at JR stations are equipped with QR code readers. These readers are easy to spot as they’re usually fitted near the lower right-hand corner of the machine, with a label that says “QRコード” in Japanese and “QR code” in English (see picture below). This piece of equipment is absolutely essential: you can’t use a JR Pass at a ticket machine that doesn’t have one of these.
Whilst on the home page, you can change the interface language to English, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese or Korean by tapping on the corresponding button (upper right-hand corner of the touch screen).
Tap on the bar labelled “JAPAN RAIL PASS” (bottom row of the touch screen) to begin the reservation process. If you haven’t already changed the interface language, you’ll be prompted to do so at this point.
2.) Tap on the “Select” button next to “Select train to use now”.
3.) Tap on the button corresponding to the number of JR Passes you’d like to make reservations for, then tap on the “Confirm” button.
4.) Hold the QR code of your JR Pass up against the face of the reader to scan it.
5.) Enter your passport number, then tap on the “Confirm” button.
Note that the orange “Correct” button next to the passport number field is equivalent to a backspace key; i.e., it will delete the characters you’ve entered one by one.
A small number of ticket machines at select stations – such as those listed on this JR East pamphlet – are fitted with passport readers. If the machine you’re using has one of these, you’ll be given the option to either enter your passport number manually OR scan your passport’s information page so that the machine can pick up the number for you.
6.) If you’re making reservations for more than one JR Pass, repeat steps 4 and 5 for each of the passes.
To limit crowding at ticket machines, one person can make all the reservations for their party whilst their companions wait elsewhere. The representative will need to bring all the JR Pass cards (which must be scanned individually) and they’ll also need to know the passport number linked to each one (which must be entered after each QR code is scanned).
7.) Enter the details of your journey, then tap on the “Search” button.
Tapping the blue “Enter” button next to each field will bring up a page where you can key in the necessary details.
8.) Choose your preferred train/schedule from the options presented.
The icons in each column represent seat availability. A green circle means that there are still many vacant seats available; a yellow-orange triangle indicates that there are only a few seats remaining.
As for the column headings, “Ordinary Car” means economy class, whilst the green clover leaf icon stands for the first-class “Green Car”.
You can tap on the “Next” button (right edge of the touch screen) to display more results. Once you’ve made a choice, tap on the green “Select” button below your preferred option to proceed.
9.) Select the type of car you’d like to use.
If you have an Ordinary JR Pass, the only available option will be “Ordinary car” (economy class). If you have a more expensive Green JR Pass, the machine will allow you to select either “Ordinary car” or “Green car” (first class). Tap on the black button corresponding to your chosen class of travel.
As on the previous screen, the icon within each button (circle or triangle) signifies seat availability.
If you’re booking a journey on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen (run by JR Central), the San’yō Shinkansen (run by JR West), and the Kyūshū/Nishi-Kyūshū Shinkansen (run by JR Kyūshū), you’ll see an extra notice advising that the selected train has seats with oversized luggage space. Tap “Confirm” (lower right-hand corner of the touch screen) to proceed.
If you’re not travelling with oversized luggage, tap on the “Ordinary seat” button and continue from Step 10 below.
On the other hand, if you are travelling with oversized luggage, tap on the “Seat with oversized baggage area” button. Refer to my separate guide for booking seats with extra luggage space to see how the process will continue from there.
10.) Choose your preferred seat position.
If you’d like to choose a specific seat in a particular car – which is our assumption for the rest of this guide – tap on the “Select from seat map” button.
11.) Select your desired car.
Based on seat availability and your chosen class of travel, one or more cars will be available for you to choose from. A black button (like the one beneath Car 11 in the picture below) will appear under each car that can be selected. Tap on the button corresponding to your chosen car.
12.) Tap on the button corresponding to your preferred seat.
Vacant/available seats are marked with black buttons. Greyed-out seats are occupied/unavailable.
If you’re making reservations for more than one JR Pass, you’ll be able to choose multiple seats at this stage.
13.) Do a final check of your journey/seat details on the confirmation page.
This is your last opportunity to backtrack and make changes/corrections before the ticket is issued, so make sure everything is in order before proceeding.
14.) Collect your seat reservation ticket/s from the printer slot.
And that’s all there is to it.
Just bear in mind that you cannot pass through station gates or board trains with seat reservation tickets alone. You need to insert the actual JR Pass card into the turnstiles (remember to retrieve it when it pops up on the other side!) to access the platforms and to exit at the end of your journey.
Safe and happy travels, everyone.
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Do you insert both the JR Pass ticket and Reservation ticket stacked together at the same time when passing the automated ticket gates? And then do the same when arriving at your destination? The machine won’t eat my JR Pass as a base fare ticket when I reach my destination if I do this right??
I’ve only ever inserted the JR Pass card itself (without the seat reservation ticket) when passing through faregates. And yes, the faregates always spat my card back out whenever I exited the station, so don’t worry about that bit.
Hello! Do you happen to know how to reserve seats online?
Did you purchase your JR Pass directly from the official website (https://www.japanrailpass-reservation.net)? If so, you can use the seat reservation screen on the same site:
If you purchased the pass elsewhere (including JR-authorised dealers), then you can’t make seat reservations online.